Dr. Ertan Beyatlı

How is a polyp removed? (Polypectomy)

(Update: ) - Digestive System Diseases

It is an abnormal swelling that occurs in polyp tissues. Most polyps that occur in the human body are benign, that is, they are clean. There are many different shapes. Some are like flesh pimples, others like cauliflower or broccoli stems. Some of them are like a flat relief.

In the beginning, polyps usually do not cause complaints and are incidentally found during check-up checks.

Polyps can be seen in areas such as the digestive system, nose, uterus, cervix and throat. Of course, the most common area is the large intestine (colon polyp).

Although polyps are benign, they can turn into malignant formations (cancer tissue) over time due to various reasons. That is why it is very important for polyps to be followed up by a physician.

Many factors can play a role in polyp formation. For example, friction, inflammation, infection, hereditary, environmental, etc.

Treatment options may vary depending on the location, size and follow-up time of the polyps. Some polyps need to be followed up, while others may need to take a small piece (biopsy). Large polyps are usually removed completely, this procedure Polypectomy It called. What are impacted teeth? When one or more teeth fails to grow in the correct position and is therefore held below the normal gum line, it is called an impaction. This can be complete, such as completely unerrupted (buried) third molars (wisdom teeth) or partial when just part of the tooth is visible in the mouth. Why are impactions important? For best function and appearance the teeth should grow in a healthy alignment. When one or more teeth is impacted, this can affect the function of that tooth but also the function and appearance of other teeth. Whether all impactions should be treated is still controversial and your dentist and oral and maxillofacial team can explain the advantages and disadvantages or treatment for you, which is usually surgical.

The most common in the field of General Surgery, colon and stomach polyps before treatment endoscopy ve colonoscopy makes. The polyps encountered during these procedures are either biopsied or the polyps seen are completely removed (polypectomy). A special wire loop for polypectomy (snare) is used. This wire loop is especially applied in stemmed polyps.

After the snare is wrapped around the poly, it is squeezed and attached to the connection point of the poly with normal tissues. Then, cutting and burning process is applied with the help of a counter. The cut polyp is placed in a bag (dormia basket) or taken using a special forceps (tripod). The piece taken is sent to the pathologist for histopathological examination.

How long will it take to heal?

You should not drive for 24 hours after polypectomy. Recovery is usually rapid. Minor side effects such as gas bloating and cramps usually resolve within 24 hours. With a more extensive procedure, full recovery can take up to two weeks.

Your doctor will give you some instructions on how to take care of you. They may want you to avoid certain drinks and foods that can irritate your digestive system for 2-3 days after the procedure. These can include:

  • Çay / Tea
  • Coffee
  • soda
  • alkol
  • spicy foods

Your doctor may also schedule a check-up colonoscopy. It is important to check if the polypectomy was successful and that no more polyp developed.

What are the complications and side effects?

The risk of a polypectomy can include bowel perforation or rectal bleeding. These risks are the same for a colonoscopy. Complications are rare, but contact your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • fever or chills as these could indicate an infection
  • heavy bleeding
  • severe pain or bloating in your stomach
  • vomiting
  • irregular heartbeat
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