Dr. Ertan Beyatlı

Is anthrax a contagious disease?

(Update: ) - general subjects

Anthrax disease Bacillus anthracis caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as it is a serious illness. Although rare, people can get sick if they come into contact with infected animals or contaminated animal products.

Anthrax is not an infectious disease So you don't get caught like a cold or flu.

How do animals get infected?

Domestic and wild animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, antelopes, and deer can be infected by spores in contaminated soils, plants, or water.

How do people get infected?

People become infected when spores enter the body. When anthrax spores enter the body, they can be "activated". Once active, bacteria can multiply, spread throughout the body, produce toxins (poisons), and cause severe illness.

This can happen when people breathe in sports, eat food or drink contaminated with spores, or play sports by cutting or scraping the skin.

Where is anthrax located?

Anthrax is most common in the agricultural regions of Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, central and southwest Asia, southern and eastern Europe, and the Caribbean. The disease is more common in developing countries without veterinary public health programs that routinely vaccinate animals.

symptoms

Symptoms depend on the type of infection and can occur from 1 day to more than 2 months. All types of the disease, if left untreated, have the potential to spread throughout the body and cause serious illness and even they cause death. Symptoms of the disease in four main systems arise

quantum ulcer above the ankle
quantum ulcer above the ankle
  1. Leather-Skin
  2. Breathing
  3. Digestion
  4. Injection anthrax

Skin-to-skin anthrax (Cutaneous Anthrax) symptoms can include:

skin anthrax
  • A group of small blisters that can cause itching
  • Swelling may occur around the wounds
  • A painless skin wound (ulcer) with black dots in the center that occurs after small blisters
  • Most of the time, the wound is on the face, neck, arms or hands.

Symptoms of Respiratory Anthrax can include:

respiratory system
  • Fever and chills
  • Chest discomfort, shortness of breath, cough
  • Confusion or dizziness
  • Nausea, vomiting or stomach pains
  • Headache, Sweating (often drenched)
  • Excessive fatigue and Body aches

Symptoms of digestive (gastrointestinal) anthrax can include:

digestive anthrax
  • Fever and chills
  • Swelling of the neck and neck glands
  • Throat ache
  • Painful swallowing (Odynophagia)
  • Hoarseness
  • Nausea and vomiting, especially bloody vomiting Diarrhea or bloody diarrhea
  • Headache Flushing (red face) and red eyes
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fainting
  • Swelling of the abdomen (stomach)

Symptoms of injection anthrax can include:

injection anthrax
injection anthrax
  • Fever and chills
  • A group of itching or swelling that indicates where the medicine was injected
  • Painless skin, skin sore with a black center that appears after blisters.
  • Swelling around the throat
  • Abscesses under the skin or deep in the muscle where the medicine was injected

Who are at risk?

Anyone who comes into contact with anthrax spores may be at risk of getting sick. Most people will never get sick. However, there are activities that put some people at a higher risk of exposure than others.

  • People Using Animal Products
  • Veterinarians
  • Livestock producers
  • Travelers
  • Laboratory professionals
  • Postal workers, military personnel, and response workers who may be exposed during a bio-terror incident involving Anthrax sports

Diagnosis

In most cases, it is determined by clinical findings and a detailed history. It is necessary to take a detailed anamnesis and physical examination, especially in people in the risk group mentioned above. Some tests may be ordered along with clinical findings. For example, chest film or CT scan.
The only way to confirm an anthrax diagnosis is:

  • Measuring antibodies or toxins in the blood
  • Direct sample testing for Bacillus anthracis (blood, skin lesion, spinal fluid, respiratory secretions)

Samples should be taken prior to antibiotic therapy.

Medical attendance

This disease can be prevented and treated with antibiotics. There is a vaccine to prevent disease, but it is only recommended for routine use in certain groups of at-risk adults. If a person has symptoms, it is important to seek medical care as quickly as possible to have a full recovery.

Treatment

Various options are available to treat patients, including antibiotics and antitoxin. Severe cases require hospitalization.

Remember! If anthrax is left untreated, it can be a fatal disease.

Why is anthrax so dangerous?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that anthrax is one of the most likely agents to be used in a biological attack. This is because it can spread (spread) and cause widespread illness and death.

Other reasons why he made it an effective agent for a bio-terrorist attack:

  • It is easily found in nature.
  • It can be produced in the laboratory.
  • It can last for a long time without strict storage conditions.
  • It has previously been used in bio-terror attacks.
  • It can be easily released in the form of powder or spray without getting too much attention.
    Anthrax spores are microscopic. They may go unnoticed by taste, smell, or sight.
What is anthrax?

Anthrax disease Bacillus anthracis caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as it is a serious illness.

Is anthrax contagious?

No ! Anthrax is not an infectious disease

Source:

https://www.healthline.com/health/anthrax

https://www.cdc.gov/anthrax/index.html

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