Dr. Ertan Beyatlı

Complex of Gallbladder Polyps

(Update: ) - Digestive System Diseases

Most of the time, gallbladder polyps seen incidentally in abdominal ultrasound scans seriously worry some patients. Are these polyps like gallstones? Is there any harm? Does it turn into cancer? when to be operated? Many question marks such as stop poking the minds of patients.

We will try to find answers to these questions together in this article today. Get well to everyone already ..

What is a gallbladder polyp?

The gallbladder is a 10 cm pear-shaped organ. It is located in the upper right part of the abdomen and takes care of the bile storage. They are flesh-shaped formations that form on the inner surface of the gallbladder. The cause of polyps is unknown (ideopathic).

Gallbladder polyps are likely to be cancerous (malignant), but about 95% are noncancerous (benign).

There is a link between the size of polyps and the likelihood of cancer:

  • Small gallbladder polyps - less than 1 cm in diameter - are typically benign and do not require treatment in most cases.
  • Gallbladder polyps larger than 1 cm in diameter increase the likelihood of malignancy or worsening.
  • Gallbladder polyps larger than 2 cm indicate a high probability of malignancy (malignant, cancerous).
Gallbladder Polyps
Gallbladder Polyps

symptoms

In fact, gallbladder polyps do not cause an obvious complaint. Rarely indigestion, nausea, vomiting and upper right stomach painIt may cause. These polyps usually occur incidentally during examinations for other diseases (USG, CT, MR).

How is it treated?

The treatment option depends on the size of the polyp.

Polyps smaller than 1 cm usually do not cause any complaints and do not require treatment. It is sufficient to follow up with ultrasound.

Surgery may be considered for polyps larger than 1 cm. In this surgery, the gall bladder is removed together with polyps. The name of this surgery is Cholecystectomy. This surgery is also performed for gallstones (see Gallbladder surgery: Benefits and Harm). The surgically removed gallbladder is examined pathologically. According to the pathology result, it is determined whether there is a need for additional treatment.

Sometimes a large number of polyps are seen in the gallbladder (polyposis). In this case, it is appropriate to operate the polyps regardless of their size.

In some cases, both stones and polyps appear in the gallbladder. In such cases, surgical removal of the gallbladder is a correct option.

So what surgery is done?

The gallbladder is surgically removed (Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy) and examined pathologically. According to the pathology result, it is determined whether there is a need for additional treatment.

Does it get cancer?

There may be such a risk if these polyps enlarge and exceed 1 cm (10 mm). But in practice this is a rare occurrence.

importance of polyps

The most important aspect of gallbladder polyps is that they prepare the ground for stone formation. The bile salts that accumulate on these polyps may turn into stones over time, or these polyps are small stones that are already stuck to the gallbladder wall, and over time they become stones.

Do you need to follow?

Yes. The number and diameter of polyps should be monitored at regular intervals. If a serious increase in the size or number of polyps is observed during the follow-up, surgery can be performed. Also, since gallbladder polyps predispose to the formation of gallstones or are seen with stones, it is useful to do an ultrasound annually.

Home Applications

Although natural remedies are not supported by medical or clinical research, many people seek natural resources to get rid of benign gallbladder polyps. Some of these are those:

  • warm water enemas
  • hot water suit
  • drinking pear juice or eating pears
  • drinking unrefined olive oil on an empty stomach
  • drinking beet juice or eating beets

In addition to these methods, some people pay attention to the following recommendations to prevent gallbladder polyps:

  • avoiding deep-fried or fatty foods
  • avoiding high-cholesterol foods and convenience foods
  • avoiding full-fat dairy products
  • avoiding carbonated drinks
  • eating more fruits and vegetables
  • increasing the intake of omega-3 fatty acids
  • increasing your ginger and turmeric intake

Always consult your doctor before making a home treatment or diet change.

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