What is callus and how is it treated?
(Update: ) - Skin and soft tissue diseases
Calluses are thickening of the skin due to pressure and friction. Its scientific name is Callus. Sometimes it can be very painful, sometimes quietly. Most often on the soles of the feet (from pressure) and hands (without friction) is seen.
What causes calluses?
Pressure and friction caused by repetitive movements cause calluses to develop and grow. Some of these pressure and friction sources are:
- Unsuitable shoes. Tight shoes and high heels can compress your foot areas. When the shoes are too loose, your foot may slip and rub against the shoe repeatedly. Your foot may also rub against the seam or stitch inside the shoe.
- Stockings. Wearing shoes and sandals without socks can cause friction on your feet. Loose or tight socks can also be a problem.
- Similar movements constantly. Playing musical instruments or using hand tools. Calluses on your hands can occur due to the repeated pressure of musical instruments, the use of hand tools, or even writing.
These factors can increase your risk of calluses:
- Bunions. A bunion is an abnormal, bony lump that forms in the joint at the base of your thumb.
- Hammer finger. Hammer toe is a deformity in which your toe curls like a claw.
- Other foot deformities. Some conditions, such as bone spurs, can cause constant friction inside your shoes.
- Unprotected hands. Using hand tools without gloves exposes your skin to excessive friction.
What are Callus Symptoms?
- The skin is thick and rough
- A hardened, raised lump on the skin
- Tenderness or pain under your skin
When to see a doctor
If a callus is very painful or inflamed, see your doctor. If you are diabetic or have poor blood flow, call your doctor before self-treating calluses, as even a minor injury to your foot can lead to an infected open injury (ulcer).
Is There a Treatment for Callus?
Various treatments can be applied in the first stages of callus. For this, various callus remedies (patches and creams) are available in pharmacies. Superficial calluses can be treated with medical treatment.
However, it is not possible to say that drug treatment has the same success in progressive and chronic calluses (rooted calluses).
Callus alone is a condition that does not require intervention.
However, the pressure applied to the nerve tissues under the thickened skin can sometimes cause severe pain. In case of calluses on the soles of the feet, patients try not to apply pressure to the area where the calluses are located.
This condition causes imbalance in the feet and legs, as well as serious and sometimes permanent damage and deformities in the joints (especially ankle, knee, hip) and waist over time.
A patient with calluses on the soles of the right foot, for example, may apply with complaints of left knee joint damage (osteoporosis, arthritis, etc.) years later.
Calluses occur, especially as the narrow and high heels used by women direct the body pressure to the big toe and little finger.
The formation of calluses in some people may be a very early harbinger of diabetes (Diabetes).
How Are Chronic Calluses Treated?
(rooting or root-forming calluses)
In these cases, since drug therapy always fails, patients seek a definitive solution. The definitive solution is surgical intervention.
Local (local anesthesiaWith the numbing method, callus tissue and the root that progresses to deep tissues are completely removed in a short time such as 5 minutes, and the remaining intact tissues are sutured. (Primary Excision - Excisional Biopsy). This intervention is an outpatient and simple surgical procedure. After this intervention, you can say goodbye to your calluses.
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