Dr. Ertan Beyatlı

How is Lyme Disease understood?

(Update: ) - general subjects

What is Lyme disease?

Lyme disease Borrelia burgdorferi caused by bacteria is an infectious disease. B. burgdorferi is transmitted to humans by an infected tick bite. The tick is infected by a deer or other animal. “LimeIt reads as ”.

For the tick to infect 24-48 hours but most people with Lyme disease have no history of tick bite or go unnoticed.

Lyme disease for the first time 1975Reported in the town of Old Lyme in Connecticut. It is the most common disease in Europe and the Pacific Northwest, Northeast and Midwestern regions of the United States. People who live or spend time in forest areas are more likely to get this disease. People with pets left in wooded areas also have a higher risk of developing Lyme disease.

Symptoms of Lyme disease

Lyme disease occurs in three stages:

  • early local
  • early spreading
  • late spreading

The symptoms you experience depend on the stage of the disease.

erythema migrans - bull's eye
erythema migrans - bull's eye

Stage 1: Early local

Symptoms of Lyme disease, from a tick bite 1-2 weeks then it starts. One of the earliest signs is a sign that bacteria are multiplying in the bloodstream.bull's eye”Is the rash. The rash appears as a central red spot at the site of the tick bite surrounded by an open spot with an area of ​​rash at the edge. It may be warm to the touch, but it is not painful and does not itch. This rash four weeks then it will disappear. (Dr. Ertan Beyatlı)

'Bull's-eye' rash of Lyme disease
'Bull's-eye' rash of Lyme disease

The official name for this rash erythema migrans. Erythema migrans is said to be characteristic of Lyme disease. However, many people do not have this symptom. Some people have a dark red rash, while people with dark skin may have a rash that looks like bruises..

Stage 2: early spread

Early spread Lyme disease from tick bite a few weeks later arises. At this stage, the bacteria begin to spread throughout the body. It has flu or cold-like symptoms:

  • shake
  • fatigue
  • fire
  • muscle pains
  • headache
  • throat ache
  • enlarged lymph nodes
  • vision changes

Generally, during early spread Lyme disease feeling good you will have the feeling. Rash may occur in areas other than tick bite, and neurological symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and Bell's palsy can also occur. This stage of Lyme disease can be complicated by meningitis and cardiac conduction disturbances. Symptoms of stages 1 and 2 can overlap.

Symptoms of Lyme disease

Stage 3: late spread

Disease in stage 1 and 2 untreated stage 3 occurs. Stage 3, after tick bite weeks, months or years may be. If the symptoms of stage 3 Lyme disease MS (Multiple Sclerosis) disease shows a very serious similarity.

Studies conducted in the United States have found that some patients who have been diagnosed and treated as MS patients for years are actually Lyme patients. The symptoms at this stage are as follows:

  • severe headache
  • arthritis of one or more large joints
  • disturbances in heart rhythm
  • brain disorders (encephalopathy) including memory, mood, and sleep
  • short-term memory loss
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • mental smog
  • problems following conversations
  • numbness in the arms, legs, hands, or feet

If you have any of these symptoms, contact your doctor right away.

How is Lyme disease diagnosed?

Diagnosing Lyme disease begins with an evaluation of your health history and physical exam. Blood tests are the safest test a few weeks after the initial infection when antibodies are present. The following tests can be done at the diagnosis stage:

  • ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent test) is used to detect antibodies against B. burgdorferi.
  • W It can be used to confirm a positive ELISA test. It checks for the presence of antibodies against certain B. burgdorferi proteins.
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used to evaluate people with persistent Lyme arthritis or nervous system symptoms. It is performed on joint fluid or spinal fluid.

How is Lyme disease treated?

Lyme disease is treated at the earliest stages. Early treatment is a simple 14-21-day oral antibiotics to remove all traces of infection.

How is Lyme disease prevented?

To prevent Lyme disease, it is necessary to prevent tick bites.

This article Dr. Ertan BEYATLI and the following foreign sources have been used:

  • Healthline: Is It Lyme Disease or Multiple Sclerosis (MS)? Learn the Signs - https://www.healthline.com/health/symptoms-of-lyme-disease-and-ms
  • Healthline: Lyme Disease - https://www.healthline.com/health/lyme-disease
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