Dr. Ertan Beyatlı

Those with Abdominal Pain should know them!

(Update: ) - Digestive System Diseases

Abdominal pain, rib cage (i.e. thorax) and pelvis (i.e. pelvis) is the pain that occurs between the region. It can be seen at any age. In Latin "Abdominal painIt is known as ”. Abdominal pain alone is not a disease. Diseases that cause abdominal pain can be listed in a wide range.

As these diseases are very simple conditions; For example, influenza, food poisoning, but also very serious and dangerous conditions can occur.

There are many different types of abdominal pain; such as cramping, sharp, painful, stabbing, crushing, compression, etc. Abdominal pain caused by a specific intra-abdominal organ, localized abdominal pain It is called. The most common cause of localized pain is stomach ulcers.Peptic Ulcer). Cramp-like pains are generally constipationmay be associated with diarrhea, bloating, or gas.

It may be associated with menstruation (menstruation), miscarriage (abortion) in women or complications occurring in the female reproductive organs. This pain comes and goes and cannot be completely relieved without treatment.

Colic-like abdominal pain is an indicator of more severe conditions such as bile and kidney stones. In such cases, the pain comes on suddenly and can be felt like a severe muscle spasm.

The important thing in the treatment phase is to make the correct diagnosis at the right time.


Causes of abdominal pain

Pain in different parts of the abdomen can be a symptom of diseases of the organs specific to that region. The reasons are as follows:

  • Digestive system disorders (stomach, intestine, biliary tract, liver, spleen, pancreas)
  • urinary system (kidney stones, urinary tract infection UTI)
  • female and male reproduction diseases of their organs
  • diabetes
  • adrenal gland (adrenal gland) diseases
  • in women menstrual cramps (menstrual periods)
  • some blood diseases
  • like lead and morphine intoxication of substances
  • area diseases such as

Apart from the abdominal organs, inflammations in the lungs, heart attacks and rib fractures can cause abdominal pain.

The following reasons affecting the digestive system may also be the cause of abdominal pain;

Causes of abdominal pain by location of abdominal pain

Anatomically, the abdominal region consists of 9 regions. We can divide the abdomen into nine zones with two horizontal and two vertical lines. The importance of these regions is that they correspond to the abdominal organs and provide preliminary information about common diseases. These regions are given different names in medical language:

  1. Right Upper Dial
  2. Right Lower Dial
  3. Left Upper Dial
  4. Left Lower Dial
  5. Stomach area (Epigastric Region, Epigastrium)
  6. Belly area (Umbilical zone, umblicus)
  7. Suprapubic zone
  8. Right Paracolic area
  9. Left Paracolic zone
Common causes of abdominal pain by anatomical areas. © 2019 Dr. Ertan BEYATLI
Common causes of abdominal pain by anatomical areas. © 2019 Dr. Ertan BEYATLI

Common causes of abdominal pain

Lower quadrant Causes of abdominal pain

  • Appendicitis
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Women: Severe menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea), Ovarian cysts, Miscarriage (abortion), Myoma, Endometriosis, Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), External (ectopic) pregnancy

Upper quadrant Causes of abdominal pain

  • Gallstones
  • Heart attack
  • Hepatitis (liver inflammation)
  • Pneumonia

Belly Pain (Umbilicus)

  • Umbilical Hernia (Umbilical Hernia)
  • Early Appendicitis
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Uremia (collection of waste products in the blood)
  • IBD (Crohn's, Ulcerative colitis)
  • Pancreatitis

Left lower quadrant pain

Left upper quadrant pain

  • Enlarged spleen
  • Gastritis
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Stool impaction (hardened stool that cannot be removed)
  • Functional dyspepsia
  • Kidney infection
  • Heart attack
  • Cancer

Right lower quadrant pain

  • Appendicitis
  • Inguinal hernia
  • IBH
  • Constipation
  • Women's diseases
  • Kidney infection
  • Cancer
  • Grip

Right upper quadrant pain

  • Gall Bladder Stone (Cholelithiasis)
  • Hepatitis
  • Stomach and Twelve Finger (Duodenum) Ulcer
  • Pneumonia (Pneumonia)
  • Appendicitis


Mild abdominal pain can pass by itself. However, in severe and unbearable abdominal pain, a doctor should be consulted without wasting time.

If you experience symptoms such as trauma (after an accident), pressure or pain in the chest, writhing pain, persistent nausea, blood in the stool, shortness of breath, yellowing of the skin or eyes, swelling in the abdomen, you should definitely go to the doctor.

Abdominal Pain Treatment

Abdominal pain should be treated according to its underlying cause. Inflammation, reflux or ulcers are treated with medication, infections are treated with antibiotics, and abdominal pain caused by certain foods or drinks is treated with personal behavioral changes.

In some cases, such as appendicitis and hernia, blood, urine, and urine can be used to exclude or confirm a specific diagnosis. feces taking samples, USG and CT scan and endoscopy and / or colonoscopy Diagnostic tests may be required, such as. As a result of these tests, surgery may be recommended for treatment.

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