Dr. Ertan Beyatlı

What are the benefits of horseradish?

(Update: ) - general subjects

It has been revealed in recent studies that rhododendron stops the development of cancer cells.

Studies have been conducted on mice in the USA. Red pigments in the form of dots (parietin) injected into cancer cells. In just two days It was seen that half of the cancer cells died. A modified type of pigments has also been found to reduce the growth of tumors. This finding from the research also became the harbinger of a new cancer drug.

Experts found cancer medicine made from light in a few years. cancer treatment states that it can be used. However, although the experimental results are positive, it is stated that many new researches are required to convert light into drugs.

The discovery about Işgin caused great excitement in the scientific world. In the British Daily Express newspaper “It can save your work life The news published under the title of ”had a great impact in the world press.

Benefits of Labor

  • It plays a major role in the regeneration and development of cells in the fight against leukemia and cancer.
  • It is considered a kind of medicine because it contains chemical substances and is used in the treatment of serious diseases.
  • It relaxes the stomach and facilitates digestion.
  • The light that diabetes and blood pressure patients should use has an aphrodisiac feature.
  • Constipation ve diarrhea
  • Asthma, shortness of breath, cold
  • Hemorrhoids hemorrhoids
  • Ulcer
  • Grip
  • Febrile illnesses
  • kidney disease
  • fatigue, insomnia, stress
  • In particular, it regulates blood sugar, stimulates appetite and makes you feel vigorous.
  • During pregnancy, you can apply the inner part of the radiant crusts to your stained area.
  • It lowers cholesterol and is good for heart disease.
  • It removes wrinkles and refreshes the skin. It also has anti-aging properties.
  • It strengthens the immune system and protects it from diseases, especially in winter.
  • Isgin, which is rich in vitamin C, also contains plenty of vitamins A, B1, B2, E and K.


Latin name of the light of the sorrel family Rheum ribes. Işgın is also known in Anatolia with the names of light, love, transcendental, ambitious, amorous, indigo, çkın, fly, fly, uşgun and uşkun. In the Eastern Anatolia region, this vegetable, also known as plateau banana and mountain banana, is given names such as Van banana and Hakkari banana, depending on the region where it grows.

Isgin grows in the temperate and subtropical regions of Southwest Asia. It is frequently used in pharmacological research since it is in the class of amorphous medicinal plants that can be pollinated by winds and can be hybridized with other species of its own genus. Isıkkın, which is eaten raw, cooked with olive oil, eggs and jam, is used in quite different recipes. However, Turkish botanical scientists warn that the light collected by unconscious and improper methods is in danger of extinction in Anatolia.

What is Isgin?

Light or the iskin (Rheum ribes) is a perennial, herbaceous rhubarb species of 1000-4000 cm tall, which grows from the sorrel family (Polygonaceae) at an altitude of 40 - 150 m, blooms in yellowish white in May-June. Defined 103 Rheum one of the type and nominat (autonym) in section (sect. Rheum) are classified.

In Southwestern Asia temperate and subtropikalbölge (Turkey, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan) that grows wild on the show and only one spread rhubarb Turkey (Rheum) type. The flowers of light that can cross freely with other species of the genus are hermaphrodite and their pollination is done by the wind. It is from medicinal plants and is frequently used in pharmacological research.

Panicle-shaped flower state (inflorescence) carrying young shoots (stalks) are consumed fresh in the regions where it grows. Kiwi flavored piquant vegetables in a tasty loved even though people in Turkey "was compared with fruits» attributed it as the banana and kiwi «East bananas» or «kiwi» is touted format.

In the season when the snow begins to melt in the high plateaus, the stem (flower state stalk) rising from the large coarse leaves in the shape of an elephant ear is cut from the bottom by the villagers and brought to the cities from the mountains and sold in bunches by the so-called "idyllic" or "glower" vendors in the bazaar.


It is widespread in Turkish as the name of the book language, and its variations (Işkın, İçgın, İçkın, Uçkun, Uçgun, uşgun, uşkun, Aşgın, Aşk, Amate, Exaggerate) are used in Turkish. In Divânu Lügati't-Türk, which belongs to the Middle Turkish period, it is mentioned in the form of «işgun» (اِشْغُن tanım) and it is defined as "a red flower, whose sherbet is good for smallpox".

In Persian, it is also seen in the form of «eshghan» as a quotation from Turkish, and is used for Rheum turkestanicum species, along with Rheum ribes. In Turkish, the name "isgin" is also used as the genus name of ravendin in a broad sense: "English ray" or "garden light" (Rheum rhaponticum), "Anatolian ray" (Rheum ribes).

While the eaten part is the "flower stalk" in the Anatolian light, it is the "petiole" part in the English light. In Turkish sources, the name Anatolian ravendi (or Anatolian rhubarb) is sometimes used as Rheum ribes. However, the name Râvend-i Rûmî [راوند رومی] (Anatolian ravendi), which is mentioned in ancient Ottoman sources, was used for a species of labada (Rumex alpinus) and this labada is also called «irgin» in Afyon Emirdag. The radical forms in other Turkic languages ​​are used for other rheum species grown in those regions.

The name of the Turkmen yşgyn (old script: ышгын pronunciation: isgin) refers to the type Rheum turkestanicum, while the Kyrgyz ышкын (pronounced: shkin) name is the generic name of the Rheum (Rheum tangutium таңгыт ышкыны; Rheum maximowicыzii;

As the stalk is easily peeled and eaten like a banana, it is called "mountain banana", "mountain banana", "Eastern banana" or "Kurdish banana" with ethnic emphasis, "Zaza banana" or "Hakkari banana" in Hakkari by emphasizing the names of the cities it grew up in, "Van banana" in Van, "Bitlis banana" in Bitlis, "Muş banana" in Muş, "Dersim banana" in Tunceli, "Erzurum banana" in Erzurum, "Adıyaman banana" in Adıyaman, Adıyaman. It is also touted as «Çelikhan banana» in Çelikhan district of Turkey and «Tatvan banana» in Tatvan district of Bitlis. It is presented as «Çaybağı banana» in Çaybağı district of Elazig.

Species Plantarum (1753)

The Latin species name Rheum ribes literally means "currant raven" and its epithet (ribes) comes from the genus name of the currant (Ribes) and is of Arabic origin. In Arabic, the name is ribâs (ريباس) or ravendü'r-ribâs (راوند الريباص). The forms used in Zazaki (rıbês; Tunceli Zazaki: rubes, ruves, rıves), Kurdish (ribês, ribêz, rêvaz, rêvas, rêwas, rêwaz) and rivas (ريواس) in Persian are of Arabic origin.

In Hebrew, the name ribes hermoni (רִיבָּס חֶרְמוֹנִי) is used, which means «Mount Hermon ribes / ravendi». The Uzbek name rovoch (old script: ровоч) is used for all types of Rheum.

The name yaghmīṣā (ܝܓܡܝܨܐ) is used in Syriac. It has also passed from Syriac to Arabic in the form of يغميصا.

The name xanjil haġarǰi (Խանձիլ հաղարջի) is used in Armenian. In Armenian, the form of passing from Turkish is also used (իշխուն).

Its Azerbaijani means «currant ravendi» (qarağat rəvəndi).

In Darica (Afghanistan Persian) the name çukri (چکری) is used.

In English, «warty-leaved rhubarb» (warted-leaved rhubarb or warty-leaved rhubarb), «Syria ravendi» (Syrian rhubarb), «Iraqi ravendi» (Iraqi rhubarb), «Arabian rhubarb» (Arabian rhubarb), «Arabian currant» (Arabian ribes), "Lebanon mountain currant ravendi" (currant rhubarb of Mount Libanus), "currant-fruited rhubarb", "currant rhubarb" (rhubarb-currant), "Babylon ravendi" (rhubarb of Babilonia) names are used.

Naming and definitions of rheum ribes: Lapathum orientale, aspero & verrucoso folio, Ribes arabibus dictum <Dill. elth. 1753. t. 191. f. 158. [192]; Lapathum orientale tomentosum rotundifolium, Ribes arabum dictum <Breyn. ENC cent. 1732. p. 7 .; Lapathum orientale asperum, folio subrotundo, fructu magno purpureo <Pocock orient. 7. t. 189 .; Ribes arabum <Rauw. It. 84, 266. [282]; Ribes arabum, foliis petasitidis <Bauh. pin. 1583.


It is an element of Iran-Turan phytogeography. Turkey, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan are distributed. The places where it grows most intensely are Eastern and Southern Anatolia, Northern Iraq and Northwest Iran, and it is the only one that grows at altitudes of 1800 to 2800 meters. Rheum It is kind.

The only rhubarb grows wild in Turkey (Rheum) and in the eastern provinces (Ağrı, Muş, Bitlis, Bingöl, Elazığ, Erzincan, Malatya, Tunceli, Hakkâri, Van, Erzurum, Iğdır, Kars, Sivas, Adıyaman, Kahramanmaraş and Amanos mountain in Hatay) with an altitude of 1800 - 2800 m. shows. While there are now endangered in Turkey, commercial revenue collection at the beginning of the extreme factors hampering the future of the species.

The plant, which is spread only in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan, has been included in the Red Book of Azerbaijan since 1989 and is in the category of near threatened species (NT). G. Ş. Shirliyev detailed information on the biology of the species has been obtained by cultivating in 2 hectares of cultural flora area in Batabat. Although factors such as collections for food or medical purposes, the spread of animal husbandry and the opening of new mountain roads, the distribution of the species in Nakhchivan is quite limited, it can rarely be seen on the stony slopes in Duzdağ, Validağ, Gışlag, Darıdağ and Nohuddağ regions.

It is extremely rare in Armenia and is included in the Red Book of Armenia as its ancestry is endangered here. It is in the category of endangered species in the Hosrov Forest State Reserve (Խոսրովի անտառ պետական ​​արգելոց).

In iran Rheum It is one of the four species of the genus. Other types seen in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan Rheum turkestanicum endemic to Iran with Rheum persicum type. The fourth and final species was discovered in Razavi Khorasan Province in Northeast Iran in 2012 Rheum khorasanicum type and morphologically Rheum ribes It is quite similar to the type and mixed with it. All species in Iran are in nominate section (Rheum sect. Rheum) are classified.

Seven in pakistan Rheum of type (Rheum australe, Rheum moorcroftianum, Rheum ribes, Rheum spiciforme, Rheum tibeticum, Rheum webbianum, Rheum wittrockii) and in the province of Baluchistan (Shogot s Lutkho It is seen on stony and slope lands on dunite rocks at an altitude of 1800 m.

Only in lebanon Rheum species and is seen in mountainous areas at an altitude of 1500 m.

Two in Syria and Jordan Rheum of type (Rheum ribes, Rheum palaestinum) is one.

In israel Rheum one of the two species of the genus Rheum ribes'tir (ריבס אמתי literally "true light grass") and grows on Mount Hermon, part of the Golan Heights that it annexed in 1981 when it was Syrian land; the other species seen in the Najaf Desert Rheum palaestinum (ריבס המדבר literally "desert light") type. Rh. palaestinum The species is endemic in Israel and is on the red list, while Rh. ribes the type is not in the red list[84].

Consumption as food

In Turkey late spring, early summer (in a period of one month varying according to the region: the end of April, May, the first half of June) the fibrous stalks of the flower situation are collected from the highlands / plateaus by the mountain villagers and can be used in the bazaars in Eastern Anatolian cities (especially Elazig, Erzincan, Gaziantep, Hakkari, Van). It is sold in bundles by the so-called "flounder" vendors, and after the peel is peeled like a banana, it is usually dipped in salt and eaten raw. It is sour and slightly sour, and has a taste similar to kiwi.

It is also considered as ice cream («uşkunlu ice cream» or «ice cream with flakes») in Hakkâri. It is pickled in Adilcevaz, Bitlis. It is also cooked and eaten in Tunceli and Bitlis. It is used as a vegetable in Erzurum. In Elazığ, the dish called «luminous egg» (or «gushy egg») and «sour-lightened egg» is made, in Van «roasted uşgun sour» or «Eşgili meal» in Van. It is also used in the dish called «light kapuska» (or «light kapuska»). In Hakkari, it is also regarded as «fly cake». Isgin name rhubarb in Turkish (Rheum rhabarbarum). irgin jam ») means directly rhubarb.

In Pakistan, it is eaten raw as a salad and sold in local markets in the north of Baluchistan.

Medical use

Use in folk medicine

It is widely used in folk medicine in the regions where it grows up. Sour and slightly sour taste mideIt strengthens good. It prevents vomiting. Roots (8-10%) rich in tannins (Rhizoma Rhei ribi) is not a laxative (internal maintainer) but an anti-diarrhea (in other words constipated[1][99] or hardening) has the feature.

Tannins are constipated compounds that break down proteins and agglutinate blood. While fresh, the outer shell is peeled and eaten like a vegetable, the body part is taken after meals as a digestion facilitator around Bitlis. Its roots are used in provinces such as Van, Bitlis and Erzurum to treat hemorrhoids and to create hypoglycemic effects on people with diabetes. In Erzurum, it is also used for excretory system infections. In Kars, as the flower stalk is eaten fresh, its root is also used for diabetes.

It is also used in Kars for diabetes, cholesterol and stomach diseases. Its root is used in the treatment of diabetes in Tunceli.[105]. In Şırnak Cizre, the roots are boiled against diabetes and the body is eaten to reduce high blood pressure and relieve stomach ailments (for example peptic ulcer). Its root is used in folk medicine in Jordan for hypertension, diabetes, kidney stones and obesity. Fruit and petiole in Zangilanlu (زنگلانلو) region of Khorasan province in Iran (petiole) is used as a diuretic (diuretic), blood cleanser and jaundice remover.

In Bingöl, after the root of the glow is dried and ground, it is mixed with yogurt and used against acne and spots on the face.

In Elazig region, the rhubarb root is boiled against foot and mouth disease and the animal is drunk.[109].

Medicinal use and effectiveness

Due to the powerful active ingredients it contains, it is very popular in pharmacological research. The pharmacological study of work started with the studies carried out in 1939, and continued with new studies in 1964 after a twenty-five-year hiatus. Again, after an interval of twenty years, studies increased in 1985, 1989 and 1990, and after a short period of ten years, there was a great increase in research in the 2000s.

It has been observed that it is very rich in terms of polyphenol content, especially when cooked. It is thought to be rich in antioxidant vitamins. Fresh shoots are rich in vitamin C and poor in vitamins A and E. In addition, selenium level is sufficient in terms of nutrition.[2].

In a study investigating the antioxidant effects of chloroform and methanol extracts obtained from the stems and roots of light, the highest activity was observed in the roots with 93,1% to 84,1% inhibitor, and the least activity was observed in the stems with 82,2% inhibitor.[111].

In a study investigating the gastric protective efficacy of methanolic and aqueous extracts obtained from horseradish leaf for peptic ulcer, it was found that it was an inhibitor with a protective activity comparable to the standard ulcer drug cimetidine that inhibits (prevents) gastric acid production.

Today, the use of inhibitors (inhibitors) of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an essential enzyme for acetylcholine breakdown, is one of the most important types in the mild to moderate treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. In a study investigating their inhibitory properties, approximately 100 different plants were examined and three of them (Levisticum officinale, Bergeris integrima, Rheum ribes) It has been found to show more than 50% AChE inhibitory effect.

The primary cause of coronary heart disease (CHD), which increases the mortality rate in both industrialized and developing countries, is hypercholesterolaemia (hypercholesterolemia) and lipoproteins rich in triglycerides have also been reported to be direct or indirect atherogenic. In a study investigating the lipid concentrations of ethanolic and aqueous extracts obtained from work, in hypothyroid rabbits, it was found that the rhubarb extract reduced plasma lipids in rabbits more than it did. Therefore, rosebush is potentially hypolipidemic and is thought to be useful in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and hyperglyceridemia, which are risk factors of coronary heart disease.

Extracts obtained from work are the subject of pharmacological research in the treatment of type 2 diabetes in Iran.

The extract obtained from work contains antimicrobial substances that affect the growth of bacteria and fungi at different rates. Extracts obtained from work are effective against disease-causing gram-negative bacteria. The extract obtained from the sunflower flower is thought to be an inhibitor that inhibits the spore germination and growth of disease-causing fungi in plants. Different parts of the plant contain active compounds with different antimicrobial effects.

The most effective of these active compounds is ethanol. Chrysophanol, fissure and emodol anthraquinones and quercetin, 5-desoxikercetin, quercetin 3-0-rhamnoside, quercetin 3-0-galactoside, quercetin 3-0-rutinocide flavonoids were isolated from the working shoots. It can be used in the treatment of bacterial diseases in fish. It is among 64 antibacterial medicinal plants of Iran.

operating pale 16 medicinal plants ethanol extracts obtained from the turkey herpes simplex (HSV) engaged Sindbis fever with virus Sindbis virus (SINV) In a study that examined the antiviral effect on the carded type (Taurus snowdrop, Galanthus elwesii) with light (Rheum ribes) extracts were found to have the strongest anti-HSV effect and it was also observed that the extract obtained from snowdrop was the most effective anti-SINV.

At the root of business antitumor It is thought to be substances that have an effect. However, since it has antioxidant properties, it is thought that it can give positive results in preventing cancer. Rheum ribes According to the first findings in a study on the antiproliferative (antiproliferative) extracts obtained by the decoction method on cancer cellsused or tended to inhibit cell growth) has not found an effect.

According to a study conducted to determine the amount of nitrate, moisture and ash in edible wild plants in Elazig region, the lowest nitrate amount was in light (43.42 mg / kg) and the highest was decemizot (Portulaca oleracea) plant (6560.95 mg / kg).

In a study to find the amount of strontium in plants collected around the Serçeşme Copper Mine in Iran, the strontium range in the roots was the lowest amount. Isatis species in indigo (23.1 ppm) and the highest Rheum ribes It was detected in the light (383 ppm).

Medical drawbacks

In cases of rhabdomyolysis, which is one of the important causes of acute renal failure, although the etiology is generally traumatic, various toxins also cause. Although cases related to ethanol, mushroom poisoning and carbon monoxide have been reported, cases of rhabdomyolysis caused by plant origin toxins are rare. One of them is the ethanol-containing rhubarb (Rheum ribes) is rhabdomyolysis caused by excessive ingestion.

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP, American Academy of Pediatrics), which is meant by the name "isgun" or "ushgun", which is among the 30 foods that may be particularly dangerous for children. Rheum ribes also known as rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum type. Even though they are of the same type, the flower stalk is also eaten raw. Rheum ribes cultivar plant with petiole that can only be eaten by cooking Rheum rhabarbarum sometimes they can be confused with each other under the name of "light".

Faith and Mythology

When the first man, created by the Zoroastrian benevolent Ahura Mazda and called Keyumers (کیومرث) or Geyumert (گیومرت), is killed by the evil-doer Ehrimen, the Sun purifies its seeds for forty years, andRheum ribes) sprouts. This light is then transformed into the first mortal man and woman, Oakye and Mashyane (مشيه و مشيانه).

quote: wikipedia