Dr. Ertan Beyatlı

What is Dysplasia and Metaplasia?

(Update: ) - general subjects

The human body is a complex system of chemical and biological functions. The cell is the basic asset in terms of the physical structure of the human body. Every body cell counts; A single cell can cause serious illness.

Hyperplasia, Metaplasia, Anaplasia, Dysplasia and Neoplasia are some diseases associated with the abnormal behavior of cells. Not every person can distinguish between these diseases. Here are some common differences that will help you understand the main differences between these diseases:

What is hyperplasia?

Hyperplasia is also called hypergenesis. This disease, with an abnormal increase in the normal number of cells is related. This disease can ultimately cause an enlargement of the organ. Cells are similar to normal cells, but their number is greater if we compare with a normal human body.

What is metaplasia?

Metaplasia a cell turns into another type of cell. This transformation can be natural or triggered by an external stimulus. When the body enters a new environment, it undergoes these changes. If one type of cell cannot survive with the new environment, they will transform into other species to face the challenges of the new environment. If the alert is no longer present, the cells will change to the original type. Metaplasia is a recyclable condition.

What is anaplasia?

When the differentiation of the cells comes back to the original cells, this condition is called Anaplasia. The meaning of this word is "retroactiveIt means ”and is basically the differentiation of cells. This differentiation can be in functions and cell structures, or both.

What is dysplasia?

It is the first step before cancer. This term is used for a developmental abnormality. This is where the number of mature cells decreases. overgrowth of immature cells It means. This term is used especially when the cellular abnormality is confined to new tissues.

What is neoplasia?

When cells undergo abnormal growth such as metaplasia and dysplasia, and the proliferation of abnormal cells In case it is called Neoplasia. It often results in a tumor that may be cancerous.

Hyperplasia, Metaplasia, Anaplasia, Dysplasia and Neoplasia

Hyperplasia is an increase in cell number. Hyperplasia is often confused with Dysplasia, but dysplasia is the growth of immature cells, hyperplasia is an increase in the number of cells. In metaplasia, one type of cell transforms into another type of cell due to the presence of a stimulus, while anaplasia is the differentiation of cells. Neoplasia is the next stage that occurs after metaplasia or dysplasia. In metaplasia, when the stimulus is removed, cells can return to their original state, while in others the cells cannot return to the original stage.

What are Atrophy and Hypertrophy?

Atrophy is a decrease in cell volume. Hypertrophy means increased cell volume.