What is celiac disease?
(Update: ) - Digestive System Diseases
Celiac disease (also known as Gluten Enteropathy); It is a digestive system disease that causes the destruction of the structures called villi that provide digestion in the intestines, thus preventing the absorption of nutrients in food and causing damage to the small intestine.
What are the Symptoms?
In young children It also manifests itself with many different symptoms:
- abdominal swelling, stomach pain
- inability to gain weight and slow height growth
Daha in advanced age The following complaints may occur:
- short stature
- bone weakness
- liver disease
People with celiac disease wheat, barley, rye and although it is not certain, oats It cannot tolerate a protein called gluten.
When people with celiac disease eat foods containing gluten, their immune systems respond to this by damaging the small intestine.
Especially the very small and finger-like villi, the structures that provide absorption in the small intestine, disappear (flatten and become unable to do its job.)
Nutrients from food are absorbed into the bloodstream through these villi. Person without villi; no matter how much food he eats; can not be fed.
Celiac disease is considered an auto-immune system disorder due to damage to the body's own immune system. However, it can also be classified as a digestive disorder due to the inability to absorb food.
Definitive diagnosis of celiac disease can only be done by an experienced specialist, blood tests and small intestine biopsy (Endoscopy).
Celiac disease is a genetic disease, meaning there is familial inheritance. Sometimes the disease can be triggered after surgery, childbirth, pregnancy, viral infection, or severe emotional stress, or it can be active the first time. The disease can occur in any part of his life. Celiac disease can occur in some people in childhood, in others in adolescence, and in others in the middle age group.
Is There a Treatment for Celiac Disease?
The only treatment method that should be followed at the stage after the diagnosis is to feed with gluten-free foods recommended by your specialist physician (Gluten Diet, Gluten free diet, Gluten-Free Diet). Since gluten is found in wheat, barley, rye and oats, it is necessary to stay away from these foods for life.
People with celiac disease should not eat normal bread, pasta, cake, pastry, biscuits and many similar foods. Materials such as corn flour, rice flour, soy flour, potato flour can be easily consumed as they do not contain gluten. Celiac patients should not eat gluten flour.